Landscape Significance

Often used as a screening plant, this tall, narrow holly is suitable for areas where plant width is a consideration.

The American Indians used preserved berries as decorative buttons and used as barter. The wood has been used for canes and furniture.

Savannah Holly (Ilex attenuate 'Savannah')
This photo was taken at Trident Technical College, N. Charleston, SC.

Savannah Holly is a beautifully shaped evergreen tree, with a narrow, open pyramidal to columnar form.  It bears a heavy crop of red berries that persist during fall and winter when both male and female trees are both planted.  A native tree, it grows fast up to 30 feet with a spread of 6 to 10 feet.

This plant gives the best berry production when planted in the sun, but also does adequately in part shade. Savannah holly is drought tolerant, generally pest free and is not normally infected with disease.

Identifying characteristics

The spiny, dull, dark green leaves are 2 to 4" long, have wavy margins and are alternately arranged on green twigs. Heavy clusters of red berries appear in the fall.